Abdul Qadir Gilani (1078-1166)
‘Abdul Qadir Gilani was a Sufi mystic, ascetic and Hanbali jurist, and the founder of the Qadiriyya Sufi order. He was born in Gilan (present-day Iran) in 1078, and died in Baghdad in 1166.
The Qadiriyya order became one of the most widespread in the world, and has adherents in numerous countries, including Turkey, China, India, Pakistan and Nigeria. Despite the fact that Abdul Qadir Gilani never visited South Asia, the Qadiriyya order gained a strong following in northern and western India from the late fifteenth-century. It was particularly prominent in the Punjab, where the seventeenth-century saint and poet, Sultan Bahu, was influential in spreading Qadiriyya teachings through his Punjabi verses. Other Punjabi poets affiliated with the Qadiriyya order in this region included Muhammad Akram Ghanimat, and Shah Inayat of Lahore. It should be noted that it was common to be associated with, and even initiated into, multiple Sufi orders simultaneously; Shah Inayat was initiated into both the Shattari and Qadiriyya tariqas.
References and further reading:
Shackle, Christopher. ‘Punjabi Sufi Poetry from Farid to Farid’. In Punjab Reconsidered: History, Culture and Practice, edited by Anshu Malhotra and Farina Mir, 3–28. Oxford University Press, 2012.
Shaikh Syed Abul Hassab Musa Pak Shaheed
Shaikh Syed Abul Musa Pak Shaheed was Sufi and his mausoleum is located at Multan, Punjab, Pakistan ) Shaikh Syed Abul Hassab was son of Syed Hamid Bakhsh Gilani. He was martyred in 1592 AD (1001 H) during a civil war of Langah tribe, when he received a bullet in his chest by chance. His shrine is situated in historical city of Multan. Syed Musa Pak buried near Pak Gate inside the wall city of Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. The Urs of Syed Musa Pak Shaheed takes place annually at his Mausoleum in Multan.(11ve Wali Sarkar). Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani is a descendent of Musa Pak Shaheed. The successor (Sajadanaseen) of Darbar Musa Pak (shrine) is Syed Abu Ul Hassan Gilani.